Friday, September 07, 2007

Iraq Corruption Chief, In Exile, Accuses Maliki

By Cernig

NPR today has a scoop which I imagine will get some play in most of the big media outlets tomorrow. The head of Iraq's anti-corruption watchdog has fled the country and has, from exile, both accused Maliki of complicity in massive corruption and provided NPR with documents to substantiate his claims.
NPR recently spotlighted preliminary findings of State Department investigators in Baghdad who believe Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's government has actively interfered with the work of a watchdog agency charged with tackling official corruption.

The head of that agency, Radhi al-Radhi, has left Iraq for the United States and has been condemned by the Baghdad government. Before he left, however, Radhi gave an exclusive interview to NPR, specifying that it could only be used if he was arrested, killed or had managed to get his family safely out of Iraq.

Radhi said the government corruption he has seen in three years as head of the Commission on Public Integrity has been widespread and costly. "Most ministries are involved," he said. "Some officials, such as the minister of defense, have been dismissed, but we have about $4 billion in corruption cases there (and) $2 billion in cases involving the Interior Ministry." In total, Radhi said his agency was investigating fraud and bribery believed to have cost the Iraqi government some $11 billion.

Documents from the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad seen by NPR confirm Radhi's corruption claim. One draft report showed that in the six months prior to February 2007, high-level Iraqi officials managed to quash 48 corruption cases involving more than 100 defendants.

Radhi alleged that his agency was prevented from pursuing cases that directly involved Cabinet ministers and at least one member of al-Maliki's own family, former Transport Minister Salaam al-Maliki. "We received different secret orders blocking (the) prosecution of former and current ministers," Radhi said, producing a copy of a letter that appears to be from the prime minister's office. The letter is signed not by Nouri al-Maliki, but by his chief of staff. Radhi said the reason is so the prime minister can deny involvement.

A few days after giving the NPR interview, Radhi al-Radhi left Baghdad with some members of his staff to attend what he said was a previously scheduled training session in Washington. About a week later, Prime Minister al-Maliki told reporters that Radhi had violated a government travel ban and accused him of fleeing Iraq to avoid charges against him in parliament. "Parliament was supposed to vote on withdrawing confidence from him, sacking him and referring him to the courts," al-Maliki said.

Radhi said the charges were trumped up by al-Maliki's allies, and he said the reason he was able to leave Baghdad was simply that there was no travel ban against him.

...An employee of the Ministry of Interior, who asked not to be identified for fear of losing his job, or worse, said of the many corruption cases he's seen "the only ones that ever get to the courts are ones against low-level employees who don't have powerful friends to protect them." He said official crime takes place at all levels of the department — from the lowest-level police officers, who have to buy their jobs, to high officials who accept bribes from suppliers to look the other way at the delivery of shoddy equipment at inflated prices.

"For example, just look at the contracts to buy armored vests for the police: The sample they showed us was high-quality, but when the shipment arrived, the actual vests were poorly made. No one ever followed through on that case," he said.

Like U.S. government departments, each Iraqi ministry has its own inspector general, but the official said many of them are political hacks. "The inspector general of the Interior Ministry is Akeel al-Toraihee. He's from the Daawa Party. Any high position has to be filled by somebody from the big parties."

Our source said al-Toraihee, who is from the prime minister's party, has no prior experience that would qualify him to be an inspector general.

...Radhi, the head of the Commission on Public Integrity, said the criminals in government shield their activities by threatening anyone who is willing to act against them. "Two men from the Ministry of Trade came here to my office and accused me of working against the Shia," he said. "They said they were going to do something about it, and they threatened my life." He does not take the threats lightly.

The draft State Department report said 12 members of the commission have been murdered in the line of duty.

Prime Minister al-Maliki suggested that the judge's decision to leave the country is proof that he was guilty of the charges leveled against him in parliament. "And I believe that he may have hidden some documents or changed some documents before he left the country," al-Maliki said.

So far, Iraqi newspapers that have covered the story have focused on the prime minister's contention that Radhi is a fugitive who should be brought to justice for his crimes. As long as he remains outside Iraq, it is uncertain whether the head of Iraq's anti-corruption watchdog agency can clear his own name, much less make a case against the officials he said are raiding his country's treasury.
PDF copies of the documents Rahdi provided are available from the NPR link above.

I'm just a cynic, but to me Maliki's protestations seem like bog-standard CYA attempts by someone who has had his fingers in the till. Although Rahdi is accused of corruption himself - padding his salary - and fleeing Iraq to avoid charges, Rhadi himself says he was in the US with 11 of his staffers when Maliki removed him from office. It should be simplicity itself for the State Dept. to confirm or deny that, which would go a long way to detmining which is telling the truth.

The Iraqi parliament's Speaker has said that Maliki acted illegally by removing the watchdog from office because the commission is an independent body and not a government organization. The new head of the corruption watchdog will be Rhadi's deputy, Moussa Faraj. This may be the same Moussa Faraj who gave the world news of Saddam Hussein's execution, but no-one seems to have any details on Faraj's background or qualifications - which would certainly be crucial in determining whether Maliki has simply replaced a turbulent watchdog with a tame lapdog.

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